Mosquitoes and Mosquito Control

Mosquitoes are frequently in the news because they are both a nuisance and a health threat. It is important to reduce mosquito populations around your home and other living and recreational areas.

Mosquito Control is accomplished by peforming the following:

Mosquitoes thrive in tropical weather, but are found throughout the USA. Many species (not all) rest during the day in dense vegetation such as tall grass, weeds, and shrubs. Any successful mosquito control program should target these areas.

Mosquito Reproduction:

Female mosquitoes ingest blood to lay eggs. They use the protein found in blood. They feed on humans by following the scent of our exhaled carbon dioxide, tracking our body heat, and detecting the complex blend of scents found on our skin. An average female mosquito will be 2.5x her unfed weight.

Some mosquitoes lay eggs in water, while others lay eggs in moist soil, waiting for flood water. All mosquitoes need water to breed and survive. Typical mosquito breeding sources include:

  • stagnant water
  • ponds
  • lakes
  • brackish swamps
  • ditches
  • salt marshes
  • old tires
  • tree pots
  • puddles
  • clogged gutters
  • buckets

Eliminate Mosquito Breeding Sites

Remove Standing Water

Mosquitoes can breed in any standing water, but they are particularly drawn to standing water with lots of organic debris. Nasty water is a common place to find mosquito larvae. During the summer months, you can verify a water source's mosquito content by dipping a cup into the stagnant water. Look for mosquito larvae in the cup. The larvae are about the size of a fingernail and they squiggle around.

To eliminate mosquito breeding sites, begin with obvious areas and empty the water from them. These sites include old tires, buckets, wheel barrows, and clogged gutters. Flower pots and the saucers that they sit on are often over-looked so check these. In-ground pool drains remove water from the pool decking, and they are often full of water. The pool drains aren't easily emptied, but they can be treated with Mosquito Bits or Altosid Pro-G Granules. Mosquito bits can also be placed anywhere that frequently collects water.

When looking for standing water remember that just a few ounces of water can produce a significant number of mosquitoes.

Removing standing water around your yard is a useful first step in reducing mosquito populations, but it does not solve the problem. Mosquitoes can easily breed next door in your neighbor's yard, or further down the street. Adult mosquitoes are likely to invade your yard regardless of the breeding suitability of the area.

Click Here: Mosquito Elimination Tips for more information.

Mosquito Bits Altosid Pro-G
mosquito bits

mosquito bits

altosid pro

altosid pro

Get Rid of Adult Mosquitoes

Adult mosquitoes are commonly found in bushes and shrubs because they feed on plant nectar.

Spray Residual Insecticides

Many types of adult mosquitoes are found resting in vegetation during the day time. Trim and get rid of overgrowth of weeds. To get rid of adult mosquitoes spray the foliage of bushes and shrubs, lower limbs of shade trees, tall grass, and shaded areas with a residual insecticide. Residual insecticides that work well against mosquitoes include: Bifen IT, Talstar Pro (Talstar and Bifen are the same formulations), or Mavrik Perimeter. Each of these insecticides is safe, effective, affordable options when applied according to the label. Mavrik Perimeter has an added benefit of not being harmful to bees. ECO Via is an organic, botanical insecticide that is labeled for mosquito control if you prefer an organic option.

Mixing an Insect Growth Regulator like Pivot 10 would be ideal as a tank mix to these insecticides. The Pivot would decrease the number of eggs laid by the adult mosquitoes. When applying insecticides to plants, try to avoid spraying the flowers and blooms if using Bifen IT. Avoiding spraying on flowers in bloom will minimize the insecticides impact on pollinating insects such as bees, butterflies, and moths. After a proper application, you can expect to start seeing results within two to four weeks.

  • Mix Bifen IT at the rate of 1 oz per gallon per 1,000 square feet. If you tank mix the Pivot IGR, use 4 ml of Pivot to that gallon. We have it in a combination products, Mosquito Kits (see below) for greater savings. For higher density of vegetation, spray at the rate of 1 gallon per 500 square feet. Repeat applications monthly.
  • Sprayers: Chapin's Mosquito Poly Sprayer, #2014 has an unique fogging/misting nozzle that gives professional results has it provides maximum coverage of foliage for the best in mosquito control.

  • Back Pack Sprayers:

    Professional mosquito companies are now using backpack foggers like the B&G Versa Fogger with products like Bifen IT for the best application in mosquito control. Unlike a conventional mistblower, the Versa Fogger provides a ULV spray in a particle range for proper control.

Bifen IT

bifen it

bifen it

Small Mosquito Kit (Bifen IT-Pivot Combo)

bifen it -pivot 10

bifen it pivot combo

Large Mosquito Kit (Bifen IT-Pivot Combo)

bifen it -pivot 10

bifen it

Complete Mosquito Kit (Bifen IT-Pivot + Mosquito Bits, Mosquito Repelling Granules)

bifen it -pivot 10

bifen it pivot combo

Chapin Mosquito Srayer

Chapin 2014

Chapin 2014

Mavrik Perimeter

mavrik perimeter

mavrik perimeter

Using Mosquito Repellents

For The Yard: A different method for dealing with mosquitoes is to use repellents. Most people are familiar with repellents that are sprayed on the skin, but there are also non-toxic repellents that can be spread in the yard. Dr. T's Mosquito Repelling Granules work by masking your scent. This confuses the mosquitoes and they are unable to find you. Mosquito Yard Repellents typically work for about three to five days. This repellent is very popular to use before an outside event

For Your Skin: We carry Ben's Deet 100, Ben's 30% Deet, Natrapel-20% Picardin (DEET Free-equal to Deet's efficiency and performance), and an all natural repellent, Mosquito Mojo with Rosmary and Peppermint essential oils.

Using Foggers and Misting System Compounds

We have both high end foggers and propane foggers to apply fogging compounds for mosquito control. Fogging enables you to coat the leaves and foliage more effectively.

Electric Cold Foggers

Pros and Cons

  • You may use both oil or water based insecticides,
    both residual and quick kill/contact insecticides
  • A broader range of formulations to choose from.
  • Made be used inside or outside
  • Uses electricity only; limited mobility

Backpack Fogger

Backpack Fogger B&G Versa Backpack Fogger

This is a true ULV fogger (micron size 24 to 40) verse Stihl or Solo back pack at over 100 microns.

Pros and Cons

  • You may use both oil or water based insecticides,
    both residual and quick kill/contact insecticides.
  • A broader range of formulations to choose from.
  • Both a ULV spray fogger and mistblower
  • Mobile; gas powered
  • Much better coverage than the B&G 2300, 2400 , and 2600 foggers, because particle size is much smaller.
  • Costly

Thermal Foggers

Thermal foggers work with oil based insecticides only

  • Golden Eagle Electric Start XL- This thermal aerosol generator is a portable powerhouse for many types of jobs-Formulation Output 0-9 gallons/hr; 0-34 liters/hr; covers 57,000 cubic feet; 1600 cubic meters/min
  • Pros and Cons

    • Bonide's Propane Fogger is economical
      runs by propane
    • Golden Eagle is a top of the line thermal fogger
    • Can not use water based insecticides, just oil based compounds

    Water Only Based Insecticides-Use in ULV Cold Foggers or Misting Systems

    Mosquito Barrier-All natural repellent made of garlic; may be sprayed or fogged. Repels mosquitoes from one day to a month. Mix with water. May be sprayed or fogged.

    Stryker 5-25, is the same formulation (Pyrethrin 5.0% and Piperonyl Butoxide 25.0%) as the popular Riptide, but more economical. One 64 oz bottle makes 55 gallons for mosquito misting systems. May be used with cold electric foggers to fog rooms, or residential and barn misting systems.

    Riptide-Same as Stryker 5-25

    Sector Misting Concentrate-combines permethrin and PBO for both residual and quick kill of flying insects. May be used in cold electric foggers, misting systems or compressed air sprayers.

    VamPyre Misting Concentrate-formulated with a 3% Pyrethrum and 30% PBO mixture; used for a quick knockdown and flushing needs. May be used in ulv cold foggers or misting sytems.

    Hyperion Advanced Mist Concentrate-With it Sumithrin and PBO combination, it offers a three day residual and may be applied with handheld sprayers, backpack sprayers, ulv foggers and misting systems

    Vector Ban Plus-alternative for misting systems and mosquito control to the expensive pyrethrum based products such as Riptide. Vector Ban Plus contains 10% Permethrin plus10% Piperonyl Butoxide (PBO) and is a water-based insecticide

    Oil Only Based Insecticides-Use only in Thermal Foggers (May be diluted with white mineral oil or an odorless light petroleum)

    Pyronyl UL-100 -1% pyrethrin with a 4.94% dual synergist (Use 3 parts oil to 1 part Pyronyl Oil 1% for mosquito control

    Pyronyl UL-300-Pyrethrins 3.00%, Piperonyl Butoxide Technical 6.00%

    Pyrocide 100 Pyrethrin Concentrate-1% pryethrin with 4.9 dual synergist-can be diluted with oil or used undiluted

    Pyrocide 300 Pyrethrin Concentrate-3% pyrethrum and 16% PBO combination

    Oil or Water Based Insecticides (May be used in thermal , cold UlV Foggers, or misting systems)

    Mosquito Mist Ultra- A synthetic pyrethrin, with a residual (Permethrin 20.6%, Piperonyl Butoxide 20.6%). May be sprayed, fogged or use in a misting system. Will work with cold foggers as well as mixed with water.

    CSI 4-4 Insecticide-Combines mosquito fogging solution (4.6% Permethrin and 4.6% Piperonyl Butoxide) for a residual and quick knockdown.

    CSI 30-30 Insecticide- Compare to Kontrol 30-30, with (30.0% Permethrin and 30.0 % Piperonyl Butoxide) for a residual and quick knockdown.

    Mosquito Types

    Mosquitoes are flies of the order: Diptera, family: Culicidae. They differ from other flies with their long proboscis that is used to probe skin of animals and humans to suck blood. Female mosquitoes live from a couple of weeks to a couple of months. The male counterparts live only about a week.

    • Mosquitoes may transmit organisms that cause such diseases as West Nile virus, Zika virus, Dengue virus, malaria and yellow fever.
    • The infected Aedes species mosquito's bite is the main culprit of spreading the Zika virus.
    • Click Here: Diseases Mosquitoes Carry

    For More Information: Mosquito Types, Biology and Habitats

    Most Common Mosquitoes Found in USA

    The house mosquito, the southern house mosquito, the Asian tiger mosquito and the yellow fever mosquitoes are commonly found in United States. House mosquitoes transmit various diseases. The are brown with white markings. They mostly bite at dusk or after dark. They rest during the daytime hours.

    Culex pipiens L (Northern House Mosquito), common in the northern states. It is found in standing water that is polluted. Typical breeding areas are old tires with water, bird baths, clogged gutters, and storm drains.*Photo: Fabrizio Montarsi


    Culex restuans( White-dotted Mosquito)-similar to the culex pipiens, but found more in the central and eastern states. Typical breeding areas are in containers, pools, ditches, woodland pools, water with decaying vegetation.

    Culex quinquefasciatus (formerly Culex fatigans)(Southern House Mosquito)-)- It is common in tropic and subtropic areas, and common in Florida. They prefer stagnant and foul water for breeding, such as containers with old tires, waste water, bird baths, slow flowing drains and sewer retention ponds. It commonly transmits the St. Louis encephalitis virus and West Nile Virus.


    Aedes aegypti (Yellow Fever Mosquito). This mosquito spreads yellow ferver, Zika fever, chikungunya, and dengue fever. This mosquito breeds in containers of water such as aluminum cans, old tires, and tree holes. They bite in late afternoon or early mornings. Eggs may survive for up to a year, and hatch out when flooded. This type has been in the USA for centuries, with similar breeding and habitats of the Asian tiger mosquito, very common in the south. The Asian tiger mosquito has replaced much of its population, but still common in some regions.


    Distribution of Aedes aeypti

    United States CDC [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons


    Ae. albopictus (Asian Tiger Mosquito)-This mosquito is a daytime feeder; the females may bite aggressively. They need a blood meal to hatch eggs.They are white with silver stripes(looks like a tiger). Eggs are laid in the clean standing water like cavities of trees, flower pots and bird baths. They do not lay eggs in marshes or ditches. Their larvae are called "wrigglers", as they wriggle or swim through the water, afterward they change into pupae. Adults emerge in 10-14 days after eggs are hatched. They can stay in the winter in egg stages, then hatch out when covered with water during the spring and summer months. The Asian tiger mosquito has become common because they can breed on most any type of water-filled container. Typically these mosquitoes do not fly more than 1/2 mile but reproduce rapidly. They transmit more than 30 diseases, such as dengue, malaria and encephalitis viruses (inflammation of the brain). First discovered in the USA in 1985 when introduced in imported tire casings imported for recapping.